Tuesday, March 14, 2023

The core degenerate scenario for the type Ia supernova SN 2020eyj


We argue that the core degenerate (CD) scenario of type Ia supernovae (SNe Ia) can explain the compact helium-rich circumstellar material (CSM) of SN 2020eyj...We follow the evolution of two stellar models with initial masses of 5Mo and 7Mo to their asymptotic giant branch phase when they are supposed to engulf the WD companion. We find that there is a sufficiently massive CO core to merge with the WD in the frame of the CD scenario as well as a massive helium-rich layer, ~0.3-1Mo, to account for the helium-rich CSM of SN 2020eyj.

The motivation of our study is the new observations of SN 2020eyj, a SN Ia-CSM with a helium-rich CSM (Kool et al. 2022) and the need to consider all SN Ia scenarios when analysing observations, as the long list of recent papers that study different scenarios suggests.

Building on earlier papers that argue for the CD scenario for SNe Ia-CSM (section 2) we propose the CD scenario also for SN 2020eyj, but we consider a new channel that accounts for the helium-rich CSM (section 3).

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